Groundnuts which is also know as peanut or pignut is widely grown in the tropics and subtropics region.it was originating in tropical South America, is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.
In United States,africa and Europe peanuts are rarely eaten raw. Instead, they are most often consumed as roasted and salted whole peanuts or peanut butter.
Below are health benefit of groundnut,”peanut”
1. Reduce Risk of Heart Disease:
Research have proof that groundnut,, contain a number of heart-healthy nutrients. These include magnesium, niacin, copper, oleic acid, and various antioxidants, such as resveratrol. It help to lower blood cholesterol levels as well as reducing the risk of coronary heart diseases.
Taken handful of groundnut, and other nuts at least 6 times a month may protect against heart disease which help to reduce risk of cardiovascular and coronary heart disease.
2. Weight Loss
Peanuts are a source of insoluble dietary fiber, which is linked with reduced risk of weight gain.it may reduce food intake by promoting satiety to a greater extent .
Research has shown that people who eat nuts at least twice weekly are much less likely to gain weight than those who almost never eat them.
3. Cancer Protection:
Researchers found that eating 15 grams of nuts each day may lower death risk from a number of diseases, including cancer, respiratory disease, diabetes,heart disease and neurodegenerative disease.
Eating large amounts of peanuts, walnuts, or almonds can reduce the risk of developing breast cancer,research has show that person needs to consume a substantial amount of nuts and seeds over their lifetime to reduce their chances of developing breast cancer.
women who regularly eat peanuts and nuts may be less likely to develop breast cancer, Pancreatic Cancer,ovarian cancer and reduce colorectal cancer risk.
4. Helps Promote Fertility
Seeds and nuts are packed with very important nutrients for fertility. They are literally the seed of life for a new plant, so they are packed with key ingredients to generate life. Four of the most important are proteins, omega- 3 essential fatty acids, zinc and vitamin E. Peanuts contain a good amount of folate.
Daily intake of 400 micrograms of folic acid before and during early pregnancy reduced their risk of having a baby born with a serious neural tube defect.
They are an important part of fertility nutrition, pregnancy nutrition, and beyond, because they supply the body with ample fiber, protein, minerals and essential fatty acids.
5. Boosts Memory Power
It help in normal brain functioning and boosting memory power, because it contain vitamin B3 or niacin content-The brain needs an optimal level of glucose for energy throughout the day which is provided by consuming whole grains. The fiber present helps regulate the release of glucose. And the vitamin B that it contains makes sure your nervous system stays healthy.
Peanuts also Increases Brain Blood Flow, bioactive found in peanuts, is believed to improve blood flow to the brain by as much as 30%—which helps reduce the risk of stroke. This may also help to improve your cognitive abilities.
Peanuts help reduce your risk for cardiovascular disease, it help Protect Against Alzheimer’s and Cognitive Decline by helping your brain function now.
6. Helps Prevent Gallstones
Most gallstones are largely composed of cholesterol. Therefore, the cholesterol-lowering effect of peanuts .Studies have shown that eating 1 ounce of nuts, peanuts or peanut butter a week lowers the risk of developing gallstones
Research has shown that peanuts contain high concentrations of antioxidant polyphenols, primarily a compound called p-coumaric acid, and that when roasted, peanuts’ p-coumaric acid level can be increased, boosting their overall antioxidant content by as much as 22 percent. P-coumaric acid is thought to reduce the risk of stomach cancer by reducing the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines.
It is good sources of vitamin E, niacin, folate, protein and manganese. In addition, peanuts provide resveratrol, the phenolic antioxidant also found in red grapes and red wine that is thought to be good for the heart.
7. Helps Fight Depression
Groundnut help brain and body to produce proper neurotransmitter and hormone levels—which are essential for you to feel happy, calm and motivated since peanut supplied with the proper nutrients, proteins, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants
Peanuts are good sources of tryptophan, an essential amino acid which is important for the production of serotonin.
8. Vitamins and Minerals
Peanuts are an excellent source of various vitamins and minerals like Biotin,Copper, Niacin, Folate, Manganese,Vitamin E,Thiamin, Phosphorus and Magnesium.
These minerals are needed by our body to function well. It is, however, important to note that adequate supply of these minerals ensure a healthy heart as well as minimizing the risk of mineral deficient diseases.