Physical activity simply means movement of the body that uses energy. Walking, gardening, briskly pushing a baby stroller, climbing the stairs, playing soccer, or dancing the night away are all good examples of being active. For health benefits, physical activity should be moderate or vigorous intensity.
Being physically active is one of the best ways to keep your heart and lungs healthy. Following a healthy diet and not smoking are other important ways to keep your heart and lungs healthy.
Walking briskly (about 3½ miles per hour)
Bicycling (less than 10 miles per hour)
General gardening (raking, trimming shrubs)
Golf (walking and carrying clubs)
Running/jogging (5 miles per hour)
Walking very fast (4½ miles per hour)
Bicycling (more than 10 miles per hour)
Heavy yard work, such as chopping wood
Swimming (freestyle laps)
The Various important of Physical activities is adumbrated below.
1}Reduce Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease:
Heart disease and stroke are two of the leading causes of death in the United States. But following the Guidelines and getting at least 150 minutes a week (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity can put you at a lower risk for these diseases. You can reduce your risk even further with more physical activity. Regular physical activity can also lower your blood pressure and improve your cholesterol levels.
2}Reduce Your Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome:
Regular physical activity can reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a condition in which you have some combination of too much fat around the waist, high blood pressure, low HDL cholesterol, high triglycerides, or high blood sugar. Research shows that lower rates of these conditions are seen with 120 to 150 minutes (2 hours to 2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of at least moderate-intensity aerobic activity. And the more physical activity you do, the lower your risk will be.
3}Reduce Your Risk of Some Cancers:
physically active lowers your risk for two types of cancer: colon and breast. Research shows that:
Physically active people have a lower risk of colon cancer than do people who are not active.
Physically active women have a lower risk of breast cancer than do people who are not activities,Reduce your risk of endometrial and lung cancer, and also help to Improve your quality of life.
4}Strengthen Your Bones and Muscles:
As you age, it’s important to protect your bones, joints and muscles. Not only do they support your body and help you move, but keeping bones, joints and muscles healthy can help ensure that you’re able to do your daily activities and be physically active. Research shows that doing aerobic, muscle-strengthening and bone-strengthening physical activity of at least a moderately-intense level can slow the loss of bone density that comes with age.
Regular physical activity helps with arthritis and other conditions affecting the joints.it also help to Build strong, healthy muscles
5} Improve Your Mental Health and Mood:
Regular physical activity can help keep your thinking, learning, and judgment skills sharp as you age. It can also reduce your risk of depression and may help you sleep better. Research has shown that doing aerobic or a mix of aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities 3 to 5 times a week for 30 to 60 minutes can give you these mental health benefits. Some scientific evidence has also shown that even lower levels of physical activity can be beneficial.
6}Increase Your Chances of Living Longer:
Science has proof that physical activity can reduce your risk of dying early from the leading causes of death, like heart disease and some cancers.
7} Exercise controls weight
Exercise can help prevent excess weight gain or help maintain weight loss. When you engage in physical activity, you burn calories. The more intense the activity, the more calories you burn. You don’t need to set aside large chunks of time for exercise to reap weight-loss benefits. If you can’t do an actual workout, get more active throughout the day in simple ways — by taking the stairs instead of the elevator or revving up your household chores.
Source:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.