Causes of Monkey pox virus and Treatment as Two cases reported in Lagos

Lagos State Commissioner for Health , Dr. Jide Idris, on Monday disclosed that two suspected cases of Monkey pox virus have been recorded in mega city of Nigeria.

In a news conference on Monday evening, Dr. Idris said that the two suspected cases were currently under observation in health facilities in the state.

Stressing that the suspected cases are still under observation, there is need to sensitize members of the public and provide adequate information on measures for prevention and control of the disease in line with the policy of the State government,”.

He said, “I need to state that though there is no specific vaccine for the disease, vaccination against Smallpox has been proven to be 85 percent effective in preventing Monkeypox. There is also no specific anti-viral therapy for Monkeypox, however, the disease is self-limiting and could be managed conservatively.”

Meanwhile the National Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, said that 31 cases of the monkeypox virus have been recorded in seven states. They include Bayelsa, Rivers, Ekiti, Akwa Ibom, Lagos, Ogun and Cross River states.

Signs & Symptoms

Fever, sweating, malaise, cough, nausea, and shortness of breath. After 2-4 days a rash with papules and pustules develops most often on the face and chest including mucus membranes inside the nose and mouth. These pox lesions can ulcerate, and then begin to heal in about 14-21 days. In addition, lymph nodes usually swell and some pox lesions may die.

Causes of Monkey Pox virus

Monkey Pox is a viral illness caused by a group of viruses that include chicken pox and small pox. That the first case was noticed in the Democratic Republic of Congo and subsequently it had outbreaks in the West African region. The virus has two types, the Central African and the West African types with the West African type being milder and having no records of mortality.

“Monkey Pox Should be suspected in any person with rash, fever, chills, sweats, headache backache, lymphadenopathy, sore-throats, cough and shortness of breath.

The preventive measures for Monkey Pox

Avoiding close contact with infected people; avoiding consumption of bushmeat and dead animals; cooking of meat and meat product thoroughly before eating and washing hands with soap and running water frequently and thoroughly.”

Avoiding contact with infected animals  especially those that are sick or found dead in areas where Monkeypox occurs.

Treatment of Monkeypox

“There is also no specific anti-viral therapy for Monkeypox. “However the diseases are self-limiting and could be managed conservatively.”

Further information can be obtained from NCDC toll-free number: 0800–970000–10; SMS: 08099555577 Whatsapp: 07087110839. Twitter/Facebook: @NCDCgov

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