One of these reasons is why you have or had sore throat

A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may have difficulty swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include:

a dry throat
swollen glands in the neck
white patches on the tonsils
hoarseness

A sore throat can affect people of all ages, but the risk of a sore throat is higher in some people. This includes

children
smokers
people with allergies
people with a compromised immune system
Sharing a close space with others also increases the risk of upper respiratory infections that can initially present as a sore throat.

Causes of a sore throat
There are several causes of a sore throat.

Viral infection
The majority of sore throats are triggered by a viral infection. These are infections caused by a virus, such as the cold or flu.


Other types of viral infections include:


mononucleosis, which is an infectious disease typically transmitted through saliva
measles, which is a contagious illness characterized by a distinct rash and fever
chickenpox, which is an infection that causes skin sores
croup, which is an infection of the larynx

Bacterial infection
A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. These types of infections include:

strep throat, which is an inflammation of the throat caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria
diphtheria, which causes throat inflammation
whooping cough, which affects the respiratory mucous membrane
Environmental factors
Not all sore throats are viral or bacterial. 


There are several other causes of throat pain: 
If you’re allergic to mold, pet dander, pollen, or other irritants, exposure to these allergens can trigger postnasal drip. This is when excess mucus accumulates in the back of your throat. This accumulation can irritate your throat and cause pain or inflammation.
Dry air can also make your throat feel raw and scratchy.
Smoking cigarettes or exposure to cigarette smoke can trigger persistent sore throats.
Yelling or too much talking can trigger throat strain.
A sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may have difficulty swallowing food and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include:

a dry throat
swollen glands in the neck
white patches on the tonsils
hoarseness


Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may also cause a sore throat. This is a digestive condition that occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus. This condition causes an array of symptoms, such as:

a sore throat
hoarseness
heartburn
nausea
Other causes
In very rare cases, a sore throat may be a sign of HIV or throat cancer.

When to see your doctor
Most sore throats don’t require medical attention. However, see your doctor if your sore throat lasts for longer than one week and if you experience any of the following:

difficulty breathing
joint pain
difficulty swallowing
an earache
a rash
a fever over 101˚F
bloody mucus
a lump in the throat
hoarseness that lasts longer than two weeks

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